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OSHO 瞑想キャンプ

             
 アブ山キャンプ                  Osho under his giant mango tree,     Camp at Nargol, by the ocean,  
                           site of several Mt Abu camps       under the fabled Saru (casuarina) trees

     
 1970年、マナリ・キャンプ              トラタック瞑想指導 at one of the That Art Thou camps


 OverviewMeditation camps (Hindi: sadhana shivir) have been a feature of the sannyas landscape since 1964. Prior to that, Osho was lecturing, traveling and becoming well known as an electrifying speaker, but he saw that people were not being transformed, so he introduced camps, extended retreats where the focus was experiential rather than filling one's head with concepts. He would still speak at these retreats, often at length, but the event was not over when he stopped speaking. Then it was time to visit the interior landscape, to experiment with his techniques and use his words as signposts of things to look for, guidance regarding pitfalls and so on. Most of the day(s) would be spent in self-exploration, using a variety of ways to ask "Who am I?" Deeper and deeper. See also Talk:Osho: Call of the Ocean for a nice quote on why camps came about.

From the back cover of The Perfect Way, an English translation of his discourses at the first camp in 1964: "These discourses are the outcome of Shree Rajneesh's first testing of a new idea, the meditation camp, envisaging an intensive programme lasting several days, which enabled the seekers to dive totally into an atmosphere of meditation."

As they evolved, camps were held several times a year in various formats, lasting a couple of days to as many as fourteen, and in "exotic" locations mainly around the northwestern states of India: seaside resorts, hill stations, usually but not always away from cities. Nargol, Matheran, Mt Abu and others became fabled places in the sannyas iconography.

Traveling to such places came to an end in 1974 after Osho moved to Pune, but the camps did not end. At Shree Rajneesh Ashram, it became possible to have these intensive retreats more often, though they were conducted by others who had imbibed them sufficiently to be able to lead them. But even with others nominally leading the meditations, Osho still came out daily to give discourse in the morning and darshan in the evening.

The camps eventually settled into a somewhat standardized format, which ran more or less the same for the last five years of Pune One, and that was: 6-7 am, Dynamic; 8-9:30ish, Discourse; followed by Sufi Dancing, Vipassana, Nadabrahma and Kundalini and then an evening meditation which would be Gourishankar for one camp and Nataraj for the next, while Osho was giving darshan. The camps ran for ten days, from the 11th to the 20th of each month. For most of that time, both daily meditations and whole camps were led by Sw Christ Chaitanya.

Camps also flourished in other places around the world but especially in India, even while Osho was still in the body. Osho's indefatigable roving ambassadors led hundreds of three-day, five-day and ten-day camps in all parts of India. Some of the best known leaders of those camps were/are Sw Anand Swabhav, Ma Yoga Neelam, Sw Narendra Bodhisatva, Sw Chaitanya Bharti, Ma Dharm Jyoti, Sw Anand Arun, Sw Chaitanya Keerti, Ma Amrit Mukti and Sw Satya Vedant.

The easy availability of such opportunities to jump fully into Osho's meditation techniques made it easy for newcomers to get a feel for it, though they weren't only for newcomers. And so camps continue to this day around the planet, as focused retreats or also sprouting new forms such as 21-day Dynamics or Mystic Roses, intensives spread out over a longer period.


 

Camps Timeline
A timeline of available info thus far is presented below regarding Osho's historic traveling Meditation Camps, from the days when he was based in Jabalpur and Mumbai. Info comes from here and there, two main sources being The Rebellious Enlightened Master Osho and Neeten's Osho Source Book. Links are provided where applicable and available for the books arising from camp discourses. A few other "special" / traveling events are included. More info will be coming, and see also Timeline (link on every page in the upper left sidebar) for a more detailed look at discourses, letters and events of Osho's public life.


camp discourses / notes
1962年 -ジャバルプール, Khandari Water Works No discourses were recorded. This was Osho's first camp-experiment, a sort of beta or proto-camp, with no lodging arrangements or travel to far-away places, but a focus on meditation rather than listening to words.
1963年 -ジャバルプール, Agriculture College This three-day proto-camp was reported in the local papers and attracted many more participants
1964年6月3日-7日 - ラナクプール・ラジャスタン Sadhana Path / The Perfect Way / Path of Self Realization / Path to Self Realisation
All the English titles above are translations from Sadhana Path. All sources agree that this was Osho's first full-featured meditation camp, with discourses recorded and turned into a book, and travel to an exotic location. A new phase of Osho's leela was launched!
1964年秋 - マテラン・マハーラシュトラ (5日間) This camp known for the hundred letters Osho wrote to Sohan after her tearful parting, published in Path Ke Pradeep/ Life Is a Soap Bubble
1964年12月12日-14日 - ジャバルプール、マディヤ・プラデッシュ not really a camp but an urban event, a "gyan satra," or "knowledge or wisdom session"
1965年1月20日-23日 - ムンバイ another urban "gyan satra" / "knowledge / wisdom session"
1965年2月2日-?日 - アジョル・グジャラート
1965年2月12日-15日 - マハーブレシュワル ・マハーラシュトラ Dhyan Sutra ディヤン・スートラ
See discussion re dates and discourse series, may actually be Dhyan Darshan.
1965年7月24日 - バヴナガール・グジャラート Dharm Ki Khoj
May not have been a meditation event (at one day), perhaps just a talk
1966年2月4日-6日 - トゥルシシャム, サウラシュトラ・グジャラート Chal Hansa Us Desh
So far only two discourse dates are known, with little prospect for more. A puzzler!
1966年3月20日- アーメダバード・グジャラート Karm Aur Dhyan
May not have been a meditation event (at one day), perhaps just a talk
1966年5月14日-17日 - ウダイプール・ラジャスタン Apne Mahin Tatol
This camp is the one described by Osho in Jyun Tha Tyun Thaharaya (and translated into English as ch 8 of Early Talks) when he "released" Bhuribai's book, she being a female guru who came with 15-20 of her disciples to the camp.
1966年8月 ジャバルプール、マディヤ・プラデッシュ - resigned from his position as ass't prof to devote his whole time to lectures, travel and being available to his people
1967年4月13日-16日 - Shardagram school in Mangrol グジャラート Rom Rom Ras Pijiye
Details of place and time for this camp did not come whole but were pieced together inferentially. More about that at Pijiye's discussion page.
1967年10月18日-21日 - マテラン ・マハーラシュトラ Asambhav Kranti
1967年12月23日-24日 - ローナヴーラ ・マハーラシュトラ A Gathering of Friends 友人たちとの集い
Not a "standard" camp but a think-tank kind of event "to discuss how the color of peace may be spread far and wide in this vast ocean of life," possibly preparatory to a much larger gathering to organise the expansion of Osho's "work"
1968年2月3日-5日 - アジョル・グジャラート Antar Yatra / The Inner Journey インナー・ジャーニー
1968年5月2日-5日 - ナルゴール・グジャラート Shunya Ki Naav
This book aka a part of a four-volume series, Neti Neti
Various dates and places camps said to have taken place in GJ, MH, RJ, MP, DL, PB, HR and BR between the two Nargol camps
1968年10月30日-11月3日 - ナルゴール・グジャラート Prabhu Ki Pagdandiyan
1969年2月13日-15日 - バローダ・グジャラート unknown series with the theme of freedom.
1969年2月20日 or so - 24日 - various ・マハーラシュトラ and グジャラート unknown talks in Nagpur, Nasik and Rajkot
1969年2月25日-27日 - ジュンナガード・グジャラート Satya Ki Khoj / The Beginning of the Beginning
This book aka a part of a four-volume series, Neti Neti. Also it must be noted that other dates have been suggested for Satya Ki Khoj,Jan 16-19, 1970. Read all about it at Satya's discussion page
1969年3月20日-24?日 - マテラン・マハーラシュトラ Sambhavnaon Ki Aahat
This book aka a part of a four-volume series, Neti Neti
1969年3月29日-4月1日 - パトナ・ビハール (not a camp :-)) Osho speaks at the Second World Hindu Religion Conference, debating with the Shankaracharya of Puri and creating an uproar
1969年6月8日-10日 - アーメダバード・グジャラート Prabhu Mandir Ke Dwar Par
Some details uncertain about Prabhu Mandir, see its discussion page for more.
1969年8月3日-5日 - ルディアハラ・プンジャブ Not a camp, thematically diverse talks to different groups in these three days. Unlikely that a single book or audio series resulted, ie perhaps (parts of) more than one, along the lines of Rajkot Mar 1970 below.
1969年9月17日-30日 - パハルガム・ジャンム&カシミール Mahavir Meri Drishti Mein
Pahalgam, which Osho has often spoken of as Jesus' final resting place, is some 100 km from Srinagar, which Osho visited before the camp. Additionally, Osho spent several days in Pahalgam prior to the camp. Thus, the precise date is not known of a talk where Osho addressed followers of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, published as chapter 7 of Early Talks, but it was in Pahalgam around this time. That talk was the first time Osho spoke publicly at length in English, and also the first time to a Western audience. See also the discussion page for MMDM.
1969年10月28日-31日 - ドゥワルカ・グジャラート Main Mrityu Sikhata Hoon / And Now, And Here, Vol 1
1969年11月25日 - ムンバイ Floating and Dying Meditation (Bahana aur Mritana), introduced in Dwarka camp above, given final form in Chowpatti, Mumbai, at the Birla Kreeda Kendra
1969年12月9日-12日 - ジュンナガード・グジャラート Jeevan Hi Hai Prabhu
1970年3月6日-9日 - ラジコット・グジャラート Shunya Ke Paar
This book aka a part of a four-volume series, Neti Neti. Also note same dates as other series below. Seems that Shunya was given in the mornings and Naye Samaj in the evgs. Thus, this Rajkot event is likely not a camp, in the meditation retreat sense. See Shunya's discussion page for more.
1970年3月6日-9日 - ラジコット・グジャラート
(Yes, same dates as above!)
Naye Samaj Ki Khoj
See Naye Samaj's discussion page for its turbulent history of trying to find some dates where it can rest. (Other dates and locations for Naye Samaj include Ludhiana Aug 1970, below.)
1970年5月?日-?日 - ルディアハラ・プンジャブ Dates were sort-of found for this event but have a conflict.
1970年5月2日-5日 - ナルゴール・グジャラート Jin Khoja Tin Paiyan / The Journey of the Kundalini /
The Mystic Experience / In Search of the Miraculous, Vol 1
このキャンプでOshoはダイナミック瞑想を導入する。
1970年6月29日 - ジャバルプールからムンバイへ移動
1970年6月29日-?日 - バローダ・グジャラート (Baroda is now known as Vadodara) Flight of the Alone to the Alone / The Great Challenge グレート・チャレンジ
camp details unknown, only ref is an interview on this one date
1970年8月20日-23日 - ルディアハラ・プンジャブ Naye Samaj Ki Khoj
Not a "standard" camp format, ie retreat with committed meditators, but Dynamic was held in the morning on an open area with discourses in the evening on a larger open area. The evening talks were another four of the talks for Naye Samaj. See Osho discourse given on 23 Aug 1970 pm for an account of those four evenings, including a disturbance created by Hindu chauvinist agitators.
1970年8月25日-27 (?)日 - バローダ・グジャラート (?)
1970年8月29日-31 (?)日 - アジョル・グジャラート
1970年9月26日-10月5日 - マナリ・ヒマチャル・プラデッシュ Krishna Smriti / Krishna: The Man and His Philosophy
This camp was the occasion of Osho's first "official" sannyas initiations, with new names, orange and mala. Pic of that first group, click for larger image and details:
1970年10月17日-20日 - プネー ・マハーラシュトラ Yog: Naye Aayam / Sun of Consciousness / Nine Sutras
1970年11月29日-12月7日 - アーメダバード・グジャラート Gita Darshan, Bhag 1
このキャンプは、主にムンバイとプネーで5年間にわたって続くギータ・ダルシャンの長編シリーズを始める。
1971年4月4日-10日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン Ishavashya Upanishad / The Heartbeat of the Absolute
1971年9月25日-10月1日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン Nirvana Upanishad / Behind a Thousand Names
At this camp, according to one source, Osho created a new mode of taking sannyas. See "Sadhu" and "Sadhvi" for details and sources. Osho also introduced Mulla Nasruddin stories in this camp.
1972年1月8日-16日 - マテラン ・マハーラシュトラ Sarvasar Upanishad / That Art Thou
1972年3月25日-4月2日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン Kaivalya Upanishad / That Art Thou
1972年10月13日-21日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン Adhyatma Upanishad / That Art Thou
This and the two previous camps were the first camps in which Osho gave a whole series of discourses in English. In fact, he spoke in both Hindi and English on these occasions, the English portions comprising That Art Thou and the Hindi the Upanishads, which were later translated into further English books. See That Art Thou for details.
1973年2月9日-17日 - アナンドシーラ ・マハーラシュトラ The New Alchemy: To Turn You On / Samadhi Ke Sapt Dwar
In this camp the main talks were in Hindi, for Sapt Dwar, and the part relating to New Alchemy were only meditation instructions, though extensive enough to comprise the 17 chapters of New Alchemy's Appendix.
And where exactly Anandshila was in terms of locatable on a map is not yet known, but basically not far NE of Mumbai, in the vicinity of Ambernath.
1973年4月6日-14日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン The New Alchemy: To Turn You On / Sadhana Sutra
Talks are given separately in English (New Alchemy) and Hindi (Sadhana Sutra). Neither is a translation, and both are based on Mabel Collins' book Light on the Path
1973年7月8日-16日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン The Supreme Doctrine
ケノシャニパットを基に英語で語る
1973年10月5日-13日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン Kathopanishad / The Message Beyond Words
1974年1月11日-19日 - アブ山 ラジャスタン Vedanta: Seven Steps to Samadhi
アキシャ・ウパニシャッドを基に英語で語る
inserted by FC2 system